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>   首页   >   产品   >   一抗   >   精选抗体   >   G蛋白偶联受体抗体(GPCR)   >   GPR41 Antibody   

GPR41 Antibody

Purified Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody (Pab)

     
  • 1 - GPR41 Antibody AP51949
    Anti-GPR41 Antibodyat 1:1000 dilution + rat liver lysates Lysates/proteins at 20 µg per lane. Secondary Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG, (H+L),Peroxidase conjugated at 1/10000 dilution Predicted band size : 39 kDa Blocking/Dilution buffer: 5% NFDM/TBST.
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Product info
Application
  • Applications Legend:
  • E=ELISA
  • WB=Western Blotting
  • IHC=Immunohistochemistry
  • IHC-P=Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin)
  • IP=Immunoprecipitation
  • IF=Immunofluorescence
  • IC=Immunochemistry
  • ICC=Immunocytochemistry
  • FC=Flow Cytometry
  • DB=Dot Blot
WB
Primary Accession O14843
Reactivity Human, Mouse, Rat
Host Rabbit
Clonality Polyclonal
Calculated MW 39 KDa
Additional info
Gene ID 2865
Other Names Free fatty acid receptor 3, G-protein coupled receptor 41, FFAR3, GPR41
Target/Specificity KLH conjugated synthetic peptide derived from human GPR41
Dilution WB~~ 1:1000
Format 0.01M PBS, pH 7.2, 0.1% Sodium azide, Glycerol 50%
StorageStore at -20 °C.Stable for 12 months from date of receipt
Protein Information
Name FFAR3
Synonyms GPR41
Function G protein-coupled receptor that is activated by a major product of dietary fiber digestion, the short chain fatty acids (SCFAs), and that plays a role in the regulation of whole-body energy homeostasis and in intestinal immunity. In omnivorous mammals, the short chain fatty acids acetate, propionate and butyrate are produced primarily by the gut microbiome that metabolizes dietary fibers. SCFAs serve as a source of energy but also act as signaling molecules. That G protein-coupled receptor is probably coupled to the pertussis toxin-sensitive, G(i/o)-alpha family of G proteins. Its activation results in the formation of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate, the mobilization of intracellular calcium, the phosphorylation of the MAPK3/ERK1 and MAPK1/ERK2 kinases and the inhibition of intracellular cAMP accumulation (PubMed:12711604). Activated by SCFAs and by beta-hydroxybutyrate, a ketone body produced by the liver upon starvation, it inhibits N-type calcium channels and modulates the activity of sympathetic neurons through a signaling cascade involving the beta and gamma subunits of its coupled G protein, phospholipase C and MAP kinases. Thereby, it may regulate energy expenditure through the control of the sympathetic nervous system that controls for instance heart rate. Upon activation by SCFAs accumulating in the intestine, it may also signal to the brain via neural circuits which in turn would regulate intestinal gluconeogenesis. May also control the production of hormones involved in whole-body energy homeostasis. May for instance, regulate blood pressure through renin secretion. May also regulate secretion of the PYY peptide by enteroendocrine cells and control gut motility, intestinal transit rate, and the harvesting of energy from SCFAs produced by gut microbiota. May also indirectly regulate the production of LEP/Leptin, a hormone acting on the CNS to inhibit food intake, in response to the presence of short-chain fatty acids in the intestine. Finally, may also play a role in glucose homeostasis. Besides its role in energy homeostasis, may play a role in intestinal immunity. May mediate the activation of the inflammatory and immune response by SCFAs in the gut, regulating the rapid production of chemokines and cytokines by intestinal epithelial cells. Among SCFAs, the fatty acids containing less than 6 carbons, the most potent activators are probably propionate, butyrate and pentanoate while acetate is a poor activator (PubMed:12496283, PubMed:12711604).
Cellular Location Cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein
Tissue Location Highest level in adipose tissue, and lower expression across all tissues tested. Expressed in sympathetic ganglia.
Research Areas

BACKGROUND

Receptor for short chain fatty acids. The activity of this receptor is coupled to the formation of inositol 1,4,5- trisphosphate, intracellular Ca2+ mobilization, the activation of ERK 1/2 and inhibition of intracellular cAMP accumulation. Coupled exclusively to the pertussis toxin-sensitive G(i/o)-alpha protein. The rank order of potency for agonists of this receptor is propionate = pentanoate = butyrate > acetate > formate.

REFERENCES

Sawzdargo M.,et al.Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 239:543-547(1997).
Grimwood J.,et al.Nature 428:529-535(2004).
Brown A.J.,et al.J. Biol. Chem. 278:11312-11319(2003).
Le Poul E.,et al.J. Biol. Chem. 278:25481-25489(2003).
Liaw C.W.,et al.DNA Cell Biol. 28:555-560(2009).

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