|Calculated MW||41,22 KDa|
|Other Names||Vasohibin-1, VASH1, KIAA1036, VASH|
|Format||Rabbit IgG in phosphate buffered saline (without Mg2+ and Ca2+), pH 7.4, 150mM NaCl, 0.02% sodium azide and 50% glycerol.|
|Function||Tyrosine carboxypeptidase that removes the C-terminal tyrosine residue of alpha-tubulin, thereby regulating microtubule dynamics and function (PubMed:29146869). Acts as an angiogenesis inhibitor: inhibits migration, proliferation and network formation by endothelial cells as well as angiogenesis (PubMed:15467828, PubMed:16488400, PubMed:16707096, PubMed:19204325). This inhibitory effect is selective to endothelial cells as it does not affect the migration of smooth muscle cells or fibroblasts (PubMed:15467828, PubMed:16488400, PubMed:16707096).|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm. Secreted Note=Mainly localizes in the cytoplasm (PubMed:27879017). Some fraction is secreted via a non-canonical secretion system; interaction with SVBP promotes secretion (PubMed:27879017)|
|Tissue Location||Preferentially expressed in endothelial cells (PubMed:15467828, PubMed:16707096). Highly expressed in fetal organs (PubMed:15467828). Expressed in brain and placenta, and at lower level in heart and kidney (PubMed:15467828). Highly detected in microvessels endothelial cells of atherosclerotic lesions (PubMed:16707096).|
Angiogenesis inhibitor. Inhibits migration, proliferation and network formation by endothelial cells as well as angiogenesis. This inhibitory effect is selective to endothelial cells as it does not affect the migration of smooth muscle cells or fibroblasts. Does not affect the proliferation of cancer cells in vitro, but inhibits tumor growth and tumor angiogenesis. Acts in an autocrine manner. Inhibits artery neointimal formation and macrophage infiltration. Exhibits heparin-binding activity.
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