|Application ||WB, E|
|Calculated MW||33275 Da|
|Other Names||Programmed cell death 1 ligand 1, PD-L1, PDCD1 ligand 1, Programmed death ligand 1, B7 homolog 1, B7-H1, CD274, CD274, B7H1, PDCD1L1, PDCD1LG1, PDL1|
|Target/Specificity||This PD L1 antibody is generated from a rabbit immunized with a KLH conjugated synthetic peptide between 252-290 amino acids from the human region of human PD L1.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 2 weeks. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||PD L1 Antibody (C-Term) is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Plays a critical role in induction and maintenance of immune tolerance to self. As a ligand for the inhibitory receptor PDCD1/CD279, modulates the activation threshold of T-cells and limits T-cell effector response (PubMed:11015443). The PDCD1/CD279-mediated inhibitory pathway is exploited by tumors to attenuate anti-tumor immunity and facilitate tumor survival (PubMed:28813417, PubMed:28813410). Through a yet unknown activating receptor, may costimulate T-cell subsets that predominantly produce interleukin-10 (IL10) (PubMed:10581077).|
|Cellular Location||Cell membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Early endosome membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Recycling endosome membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Note=Associates with CMTM6 at recycling endosomes, where it is protected from being targeted for lysosomal degradation. Isoform 2: Endomembrane system; Single-pass type I membrane protein|
|Tissue Location||Highly expressed in the heart, skeletal muscle, placenta and lung. Weakly expressed in the thymus, spleen, kidney and liver. Expressed on activated T- and B-cells, dendritic cells, keratinocytes and monocytes.|
Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Involved in the costimulatory signal, essential for T- cell proliferation and production of IL10 and IFNG, in an IL2- dependent and a PDCD1-independent manner. Interaction with PDCD1 inhibits T-cell proliferation and cytokine production.
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He X.-H.,et al.Acta Pharmacol. Sin. 26:462-468(2005).
Chi X.-Y.,et al.Submitted (NOV-2005) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases.
Ota T.,et al.Nat. Genet. 36:40-45(2004).