|Application ||WB, E|
|Calculated MW||47993 Da|
|Other Names||DNA (cytosine-5)-methyltransferase 3-like, Dnmt3l|
|Target/Specificity||This Mouse Dnmt3L antibody is generated from rabbits immunized with a KLH conjugated synthetic peptide between 389-421 amino acids from mouse Dnmt3L.|
|Format||Purified polyclonal antibody supplied in PBS with 0.09% (W/V) sodium azide. This antibody is purified through a protein G column, eluted with high and low pH buffers and neutralized immediately, followed by dialysis against PBS.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 2 weeks. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||Mouse Dnmt3L Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Catalytically inactive regulatory factor of DNA methyltransferases that can either promote or inhibit DNA methylation depending on the context (PubMed:11719692, PubMed:15318244, PubMed:15671018, PubMed:24074865). Essential for the function of DNMT3A and DNMT3B: activates DNMT3A and DNMT3B by binding to their catalytic domain (PubMed:15671018). Acts by accelerating the binding of DNA and S-adenosyl-L-methionine (AdoMet) to the methyltransferases and dissociates from the complex after DNA binding to the methyltransferases (PubMed:15671018). Recognizes unmethylated histone H3 lysine 4 (H3K4me0) and induces de novo DNA methylation by recruitment or activation of DNMT3 (By similarity). Plays a key role in embryonic stem cells and germ cells (PubMed:11719692, PubMed:15318244, PubMed:24074865). In germ cells, required for the methylation of imprinted loci together with DNMT3A (PubMed:11719692). In male germ cells, specifically required to methylate retrotransposons, preventing their mobilization (PubMed:15318244). Plays a key role in embryonic stem cells (ESCs) by acting both as an positive and negative regulator of DNA methylation (PubMed:24074865). While it promotes DNA methylation of housekeeping genes together with DNMT3A and DNMT3B, it also acts as an inhibitor of DNA methylation at the promoter of bivalent genes (PubMed:24074865). Interacts with the EZH2 component of the PRC2/EED-EZH2 complex, preventing interaction of DNMT3A and DNMT3B with the PRC2/EED-EZH2 complex, leading to maintain low methylation levels at the promoters of bivalent genes (PubMed:24074865). Promotes differentiation of ESCs into primordial germ cells by inhibiting DNA methylation at the promoter of RHOX5, thereby activating its expression (PubMed:24074865).|
|Tissue Location||Expressed in testis, thymus, ovary, and heart (PubMed:11306809).|
Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
mDnmt3L (DNA methyltransferase 3L) does not appear to be catalytically active due to loss of the critical active site residues. It may function not directly as a DNA methyltransferase but rather as a regulator of methylation at imprinted loci. It is required specifically for the establishment of genomic imprints but is dispensable for their propagation. It is essential for the de novo methylation of single-copy DNA sequences. The protein is well-express in testis, thymus, ovary, and heart. mDnmt3L, which belongs to the 5-cytosine methyltransferase family, contains 1 ADD-type zinc finger.
Okazaki, Y., et al., Nature 420(6915):563-573 (2002).
Bourc'his, D., et al., Science 294(5551):2536-2539 (2001).
Aapola, U., et al., Cytogenet. Cell Genet. 92 (1-2), 122-126 (2001).